Employers Duty to Prevent Sexual Harassment in the Workplace

Last week, the Government published its response to the consultation carried out in 2019 which explored the law surrounding sexual harassment in the workplace.

Despite the existing legal protections in place, there have been many examples and publications about continued experiences of sexual harassment in the workplace and this has not gone unnoticed. The Government has now confirmed that clear standards and expectations must be implemented to reflect the ‘modern workplace’ which has changed drastically since the COVID 19 pandemic and proposed that an additional mandatory duty on employers is required to prevent this unwanted conduct.

We have set out, below, a summary of the outcome to this consultation.

The Consultation

The consultation was designed to primarily consider the following points:

  1. The duty on employers to implement preventative measures to protect workers from harassment.
  2. How to strengthen the existing laws on harassment by third parties?
  3. Are interns adequately protected by the Equality Act 2010 (“the Act”)?
  4. The extension of employment tribunal time limits.

The Response

The consultation concluded that a positive duty should be introduced on employers to take “all reasonable steps” to prevent workplace sexual harassment. The expectation is that this duty would encourage employers to adopt a proactive approach and cultivate a workplace culture which benefits all employees. It is proposed that this duty is accompanied by a Statutory Code of Practice developed by the EHRC to allow an employer to accurately assess whether they have taken “all reasonable steps” to comply with their duty to prevent sexual harassment in the workplace.

The response to the consultation also confirmed that specific protections should be introduced against harassment by third parties which would impose liability on an employer when an employee is subject to harassment by, for example, a customer or a member of the general public. The employer’s defence to this would be whether they took “all reasonable steps” to prevent such harassment.

It was also considered whether to introduce protections to interns. It was found that interns were likely to already be protected by the current legislation. However, the consultation response specifically noted that protections would not be extended to volunteers as to do so would have undesirable consequences on all parties such as the potential of creating significant liabilities for particular smaller organisations reliant on volunteers. There was also a general presumption that any reasonable employers would have an effective anti-harassment policy in place which covers staff at all levels, ranging from agency workers to employees, to ensure a safe working environment.

Finally, the response considered the time limit for bringing discrimination claims under the Act. At present, there is a 3 month time limit to bring a claim (save for claims relating to equal pay) which is extended under the ACAS processes and may be extended further at the discretion of an Employment Tribunal in particular circumstances. The response proposes an extension of the time limits for bringing discrimination claims to 6 months. This would be to ensure the Employment Tribunal process more accurately reflects how sexual harassment cases are appropriately handled in the modern workplace. The response also noted that there was evidence this would not only have a positive impact on sexual harassment cases, but also cases relating to pregnancy and maternity.

The response concludes that there are steps to be taken to ensure a legal framework exists to support employees and imposes a duty on employers to include additional protections for those who are victims of sexual harassment.

Next Steps

We wait to see whether the Government will take forward these proposals from the consultation and change the Act. While the existing legislation gives protection to employees, there is always room for improvement and this is a critical area that the law must protect. Further guidance from the Government will be needed on exactly how employers will have to operate to ensure they have taken “all reasonable steps” but we anticipate that this will include clear policies and processes, training and regular publication of what employers are doing to make sure that employees are protected.

Click here to see our ‘Employment Law Figures 2021’ which includes basic figures, time off work, living wage, minimum wage and tax rates.








This reflects the law at the date of publication and is written as a general guide. It does not contain definitive legal advice, which should be sought as appropriate in relation to a particular matter.

Alistair McArthur
Partner, Head of Employment
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This reflects the law and market position at the date of publication and is written as a general guide. It does not contain definitive legal advice, which should be sought in relation to a specific matter.

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